What Are the Treatment Options For Male Infertility?

Male Infertility : Approximately 1 out of each six couples within the U.S. affect problems with infertility. Infertility testing is suggested for those couples who are trying for a year or more, unsuccessfully, to conceive a toddler. For ladies over 35, no pregnancy after 6 months of unprotected intercourse is cause for evaluation.

Male Infertility

While often misunderstood as a mostly-female issue, in 35% of the cases male infertility is that the primary factor. In 50% of cases, male infertility may be a contributing factor. More often than not, the difficulty is in sperm production and/or delivery of the sperm. There are a spread of conditions which may impact sperm production, and a man’s ability to ejaculate sufficiently to deliver the sperm to its target (the woman’s egg). Fairly often , these conditions are often treated, and couples are ready to achieve pregnancy.


Male infertility are often traced to certain pituitary or hypothalamus disorders, testicular issues, sperm transport disorders, and, in half the cases of male infertility, the cause is unknown. While unknown causes are frustrating-in both male, and feminine infertility, it’s common for male infertility to occur thanks to three very obvious reasons; there’s not enough sperm, the sperm are impaired, or abnormal, or motility isn’t adequate, thanks to a drag with ejaculation.

A low sperm count can occur for the subsequent reasons:

  • excessive use of alcohol, tobacco, or drugs
  • previous surgeries, like to correct a hernia
  • genetics
  • hormonal imbalances
  • radiation therapy
  • serious mumps infection, post-puberty
  • exposure to certain chemicals
  • blockage thanks to infection or STD
  • injury to groin or pelvic region
  • tight, restrictive underwear

Abnormal sperm are typically caused by:

  • inflammation of the testicles
  • swelling of veins within the scrotum, referred to as varicocele
  • testicles which didn’t develop normally or descend in puberty

Ejaculation issues include:

  • premature ejaculation
  • retrograde ejaculation, a condition during which the semen is forced back to the bladder, rather than out of the penis
  • complications from a previous procedure or radiotherapy
  • erectile dysfunction or ED


A history of infections like urinary-tract, or STDs, also as certain medications, also will adversely impact your fertility. Often, if there are not any obvious symptoms, some infections can go undetected resulting in complications in fertility, among other issues. When male infertility may be a suspected think about a couple’s inability to conceive, evaluation and male fertility testing must begin, so treatment can commence.

Testing will begin with a radical physical exam, including your health history, to seem for factors which can have contributed to your infertility. Once the health assessment has concurred, testing will happen .

Physical examination of the scrotum, penis, and prostate is important to assess your genital anatomy. A biopsy will determine the balance of your hormones. you’ll be asked to ejaculate so your semen are often tested for sperm count, viability and motility. this is often called a semen analysis. you’ll also got to be tested for infections, like STDs, and this may involve making a culture of the fluid from your penis.

With the semen test we’re watching the entire volume of semen as this is often an honest thanks to determine whether you’ve got a blockage, like a blocked duct, a drag with the seminal vesicles, the gland that secretes the components of semen, or a prostate issue. This test also helps us determine if your sperm is of adequate size and shape (morphology), and active (motility), and shows us your sperm count.

Further tests could also be necessary, or suggested, so as to work out treatment. In men with low sperm counts, there could also be an assessment of the system can help determine the course of treatment. Genetic evaluation of sperm is usually involved to rule out any chromosomal abnormalities or genetic issues which will be passed on to future children. DNA evaluation may be a follow-up test typically suggested to men who have a traditional sperm count, no obvious abnormalities, but who are still experiencing infertility.


Obviously, counting on the result of the testing, treatment options vary. As an example , within the case of varicocele or an obstruction which prevents the sperm from its intended goal, surgery are often indicated. Surgery is especially successful within the case of a clear and enormous varicocele. In some instances sperm are often directly obtained from the testicles, via a biopsy procedure, and utilized in IVF (in-vitro fertilization) treatment.

Hormonal issues that interfere with fertility are often treated through medication. Endocrine disorders, like those affecting the pituitary, thyroid and hypothalamus, often respond well to medications, successfully restoring normal hormone production.

In many cases of male infertility, the simplest option for achieving pregnancy is thru IVF, or for mild issues with IUI (intrauterine insemination). These methods of assisted reproductive technology are especially helpful when both partners’ fertility may be a think about their inability to conceive the “old-fashioned way.”


A vasectomy, undoubtedly, impairs a man’s fertility, though it had been likely intentional at one point. Of the half million men who seek vasectomies annually , roughly 10% check out having the procedure reversed at some point within the future. As connective tissue forms and age becomes an element , the chances of a vasectomy reversal being successful diminish greatly. If a reversal is sought within 10 years of the procedure there’s a 30%-50% chance pregnancy are going to be achieved. After 10 years, those odds drop off significantly.

Male Infertility : If you think male infertility factors in your inability to conceive, seek help directly. Like any health issue, the earlier you get help, the higher the result.