Infertility: The inability to have children affect couple and causes emotional and psychological distress in both men and women. Despite of various social , psychological,economical and physical implication infertility prevention and care often neglected and they keep it on low priority list.
Some infertility is not yet fully understood, but some causes have been identified. In women, it may be because ovaries are not producing eggs . Endometriosis and pelvic inflammatory disease can damage or block fallopian tubes. In some women, mucus in the cervix may be hostile to the partner’s sperm. In men, a common cause is defective sperm. In couples, the genetic makeup of one partner may prevent the couple from achieving a pregnancy naturally, or in some cases occupational hazards (such as chemicals and working practices) are involved.
If ovulation is the problem, medication can help induce ovulation. Disorders such as polycystic ovaries, endometriosis and PID can be treated. Damaged fallopian tubes can in some cases be repaired by surgery or in vitro fertilization can be used to bypass them.